Home and Health
care solutions

Home and Health
care solutions

Correct blood pressure measurement

Recommendations and requirements

General recommendations for blood ressure measurement

The level of blood pressure is not a constant value — it continuously varies depending on the impact of various factors. Variation in arterial pressure in patients with hypertension is much greater than in those who do not have this disease.

One of the main factors affecting the level of arterial pressure is the human condition.

Measurement of arterial pressure can be carried out both at rest and during physical or psychoemotional strain, as well as in the intervals between different types of activity.

Measurements at rest allow estimating an approximate level of arterial pressure in certain periods of time, which can be associated, for example, with taking medicines or with other daily living activities.

Arterial pressure is most often measured when the patient is seating. However, in some cases it is necessary to measure arterial pressure when the patient is lying or standing.

In order to perform measurement at rest, it is necessary to provide comfortable conditions for the patient and fulfil the following requirements: 

  • 30 minutes before measurement, avoid eating, smoking, physical strain and exposure to cold;
  • before measuring blood pressure, it is necessary to sit or lie down (depending on the selected position of the body, at which blood pressure measured) and relax;
  • measurement starts 5 minutes after resting in the above position;
  • when measuring blood pressure in the sitting position, the back should lean on some support because any form of isometric exercises causes an immediate increase in arterial pressure. The middle point of the shoulder should be at the level of the heart (4th intercostal space);
  • in the lying position, the arm should be placed alongside the body and slightly raised to the level corresponding to the middle of the chest (under the shoulder and elbow, one can put a small pad);
  • during measurement, no talking or making any sudden movements are allowed;
  • if a series of measurements is done, it is recommended to change the original position. The interval between measurements should be at least 15 seconds (recommended interval — 1 minute).
  • In the pauses between measurements, it is desirable to loosen the cuff.


1. Sit comfortably 

Place your feet on the floor. Do not cross your legs, as it may raise your readings. Use back-supported chair. 

2. Place the cuff correctly 

Place the arm cuff just above your elbow. The cuff should be about 2cm above your elbow to make sure it can detect the artery in your arm, just under the skin.

Make sure the cuff is placed at the heart level, as it affects the final results. Having the cuff extremely high leads to artificially low blood pressure reading as a result.

3.Keep relaxed and quiet

Keep still and quiet while you take your reading. Moving, chewing, talking and laughing can affect your reading


When is it allowed to repeat arterial pressure measurement?

Time interval between arterial pressure measurements depends on objectives, patient’s age, presence of arrhythmia, and on other factors.
If it is necessary to perform a series of 2-3 repeated measurements, time interval between measurements should be at least 15 seconds. In this case, the average value of these measurements should be recorded.

On which hand is it better to measure blood pressure? 

Pressure difference between arms can be quite significant, that is why it is recommended to take measurement on an arm with higher arterial pressure values. 

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